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What happened in the last day of Christ's life?


Do all the gospels match all the events?


When was Christ crucified?


Why is there two different times of day given in the bible for the crucifixion?


Amongst the new knowledge in this article is the astounding facts that there were two men called Judas and two men called Barabbas involved in the last day of Christ's life.


Let's look at the accounts of the last 24 hours of Christís life from the gospels and let's answer the questions on this all important subject.


A few days before the Passover, the scriptures state that the chief priests and elders were gathered together to plot to seize and kill Jesus.


Mat 26:2  "You know that after two days is the Passover, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified."

Mat 26:3  Then the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders of the people assembled at the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,

Mat 26:4  and plotted to take Jesus by trickery and kill Him.


Jesus was in Bethany, at Simons home, and a woman anointed His body for burial.


Mat 26:6  And when Jesus was in Bethany at the house of Simon the leper,

Mat 26:7  a woman came to Him having an alabaster flask of very costly fragrant oil, and she poured it on His head as He sat at the table.


Mat 26:12  For in pouring this fragrant oil on My body, she did it for My burial.


Satan enters Judas.


Luk 22:3  Then Satan entered Judas, surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered among the twelve.


When Christ was in Bethany Judas went his way and left the group to go and arrange with the chief priests the betrayal of Christ.


Luk 22:4  So he went his way and conferred with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray Him to them.


Judas Iscariot went to the chief priests and received 30 pieces of silver to betray Jesus and hand Him over to them.


Mat 26:14  Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests

Mat 26:15  and said, "What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?" And they counted out to him thirty pieces of silver.


Also around this same time Judas the brother of Christ also went to the chief priests to arrange for the arrest of Christ.
He prearranged that he would kiss Christ and then they could take Him away safely.
We would like to point out that the brother of Christ did not know Christ was going to be put to death, he assumed that He would be put in prison or something similar, notice the brother wanted Him lead away safely.


Mar 14:44  Now His betrayer had given them a signal, saying, "Whomever I kiss, He is the One; seize Him and lead Him away safely."


And notice further that when the brother realised Christ was going to die he returned the 30 pieces of silver and hung himself.  Stating Christ was innocent.


Mat 27:3  Then Judas, His betrayer, seeing that He had been condemned, was remorseful and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,

Mat 27:4  saying, "I have sinned by betraying innocent blood." And they said, "What is that to us? You see to it!"

Mat 27:5  Then he threw down the pieces of silver in the temple and departed, and went and hanged himself.


Now we come to the 24 hours prior to Christís death.


The Passover was on Wednesday that year.  The 14th of Nisan.  Because Jesus was the Passover lamb, He had to take the Passover with His disciples a day early. He had to die at the time the Passover lambs were killed.  The lambs were killed around 3pm Ė 5pm on Wednesday afternoon, Christ died at 3pm Wednesday afternoon.  He was the Passover Lamb.



On Tuesday the 13th in the afternoon, the disciples asked Christ where will we prepare the Passover.


Mat 26:17  Now on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying to Him, "Where do You want us to prepare for You to eat the Passover?"


Christ told them where they were to prepare the Passover.  Notice that the Passover is prepared.


Mar 14:15  Then he will show you a large upper room, furnished and prepared; there make ready for us."

Mar 14:16  So His disciples went out, and came into the city, and found it just as He had said to them; and they prepared the Passover.


Now we come to the all important eating of the Passover meal.  Notice that it happens after sunset, the next day.  The Passover was prepared on the Tuesday afternoon, now it is eaten after sunset, which is the next day, the beginning of Wednesday.



Mat 26:20  When evening had come, He sat down with the twelve.

Mat 26:21  Now as they were eating, He said, "Assuredly, I say to you, one of you will betray Me."


Christ desired to keep the Passover with His disciples.


Luk 22:15  Then He said to them, "With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer;

Luk 22:16  for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God."


Christ states that one of them will betray Him.


Mar 14:18  Now as they sat and ate, Jesus said, "Assuredly, I say to you, one of you who eats with Me will betray Me."

Mar 14:19  And they began to be sorrowful, and to say to Him one by one, "Is it I?" And another said, "Is it I?"


During the meal, Christ offered the disciples bread.


Mar 14:22  And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them and said, "Take, eat; this is My body."


When the meal was ended Christ offered the wine.


Luk 22:20  Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.


Christ said He would not drink of the vine until the kingdom.


Mar 14:25  Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God."


Christ introduced the foot washing.


Joh 13:4  rose from supper and laid aside His garments, took a towel and girded Himself.

Joh 13:5  After that, He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded.

Joh 13:6  Then He came to Simon Peter. And Peter said to Him, "Lord, are You washing my feet?"

Joh 13:7  Jesus answered and said to him, "What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will know after this."

Joh 13:8  Peter said to Him, "You shall never wash my feet!" Jesus answered him, "If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me."

Joh 13:9  Simon Peter said to Him, "Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!"

Joh 13:10  Jesus said to him, "He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you."

Joh 13:11  For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, "You are not all clean."

Joh 13:12  So when He had washed their feet, taken His garments, and sat down again, He said to them, "Do you know what I have done to you?

Joh 13:13  You call Me Teacher and Lord, and you say well, for so I am.

Joh 13:14  If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet.

Joh 13:15  For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you.

Joh 13:16  Most assuredly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him.

Joh 13:17  If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them.

Joh 13:18  "I do not speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen; but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, 'HE WHO EATS BREAD WITH ME HAS LIFTED UP HIS HEEL AGAINST ME.'

Joh 13:19  Now I tell you before it comes, that when it does come to pass, you may believe that I am He.

Joh 13:20  Most assuredly, I say to you, he who receives whomever I send receives Me; and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me."


Christ said again that one of them would betray Him.


Luk 22:21  But behold, the hand of My betrayer is with Me on the table.


The disciples wondered who it was who was going to betray Christ.


Luk 22:23  Then they began to question among themselves, which of them it was who would do this thing.


John was the disciple Jesus loved.


Joh 13:23  Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved.


Peter asked John to ask Christ who it was who was going to betray Him.


Joh 13:24  Simon Peter therefore motioned to him to ask who it was of whom He spoke.


John asked who it was.


Joh 13:25  Then, leaning back on Jesus' breast, he said to Him, "Lord, who is it?"


Judas identified by Christ.


Joh 13:26  Jesus answered, "It is he to whom I shall give a piece of bread when I have dipped it." And having dipped the bread, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.


Then they had a disagreement about who was the greatest.


Luk 22:24  Now there was also a dispute among them, as to which of them should be considered the greatest.


Christ addressed their argument.


Luk 22:25  And He said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and those who exercise authority over them are called 'benefactors.'

Luk 22:26  But not so among you; on the contrary, he who is greatest among you, let him be as the younger, and he who governs as he who serves.

Luk 22:27  For who is greater, he who sits at the table, or he who serves? Is it not he who sits at the table? Yet I am among you as the One who serves.

Luk 22:28  "But you are those who have continued with Me in My trials.

Luk 22:29  And I bestow upon you a kingdom, just as My Father bestowed one upon Me,

Luk 22:30  that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel."

Luk 22:31  And the Lord said, "Simon, Simon! Indeed, Satan has asked for you, that he may sift you as wheat.

Luk 22:32  But I have prayed for you, that your faith should not fail; and when you have returned to Me, strengthen your brethren."

Luk 22:33  But he said to Him, "Lord, I am ready to go with You, both to prison and to death."


Christ told Peter how he was going to deny Christ.


Luk 22:34  Then He said, "I tell you, Peter, the rooster shall not crow this day before you will deny three times that you know Me."

Luk 22:35  And He said to them, "When I sent you without money bag, knapsack, and sandals, did you lack anything?" So they said, "Nothing."

Luk 22:36  Then He said to them, "But now, he who has a money bag, let him take it, and likewise a knapsack; and he who has no sword, let him sell his garment and buy one.

Luk 22:37  For I say to you that this which is written must still be accomplished in Me: 'AND HE WAS NUMBERED WITH THE TRANSGRESSORS.' For the things concerning Me have an end."

Luk 22:38  So they said, "Lord, look, here are two swords." And He said to them, "It is enough."


After the piece of bread Satan entered into Judas.


Joh 13:27  Now after the piece of bread, Satan entered him. Then Jesus said to him, "What you do, do quickly."

Joh 13:28  But no one at the table knew for what reason He said this to him.

Joh 13:29  For some thought, because Judas had the money box, that Jesus had said to him, "Buy those things we need for the feast," or that he should give something to the poor.

Joh 13:30  Having received the piece of bread, he then went out immediately. And it was night.

Joh 13:31  So, when he had gone out, Jesus said, "Now the Son of Man is glorified, and God is glorified in Him.

Joh 13:32  If God is glorified in Him, God will also glorify Him in Himself, and glorify Him immediately.

Joh 13:33  Little children, I shall be with you a little while longer. You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, 'Where I am going, you cannot come,' so now I say to you.

Joh 13:34  A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another.

Joh 13:35  By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another."

Joh 13:36  Simon Peter said to Him, "Lord, where are You going?" Jesus answered him, "Where I am going you cannot follow Me now, but you shall follow Me afterward."


After some discussion with His disciples Christ and the disciples leave.


Joh 14:31  But that the world may know that I love the Father, and as the Father gave Me commandment, so I do. Arise, let us go from here.



Before they departed they sung a hymn.


Mat 26:30  And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.


As Christ and the disciples travelled to the Mount of Olives, Christ spoke to them.


Joh 15:1  "I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser.

Joh 15:2  Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit.

Joh 15:3  You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you.

Joh 15:4  Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me.

Joh 15:5  "I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing.

Joh 15:6  If anyone does not abide in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned.

Joh 15:7  If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you.

Joh 15:8  By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples.

Joh 15:9  "As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love.

Joh 15:10  If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father's commandments and abide in His love.

Joh 15:11  "These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may remain in you, and that your joy may be full.

Joh 15:12  This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you.

Joh 15:13  Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one's life for his friends.

Joh 15:14  You are My friends if you do whatever I command you.

Joh 15:15  No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all things that I heard from My Father I have made known to you.

Joh 15:16  You did not choose Me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, that whatever you ask the Father in My name He may give you.

Joh 15:17  These things I command you, that you love one another.

Joh 15:18  "If the world hates you, you know that it hated Me before it hated you.

Joh 15:19  If you were of the world, the world would love its own. Yet because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you.

Joh 15:20  Remember the word that I said to you, 'A servant is not greater than his master.' If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you. If they kept My word, they will keep yours also.

Joh 15:21  But all these things they will do to you for My name's sake, because they do not know Him who sent Me.

Joh 15:22  If I had not come and spoken to them, they would have no sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin.

Joh 15:23  He who hates Me hates My Father also.

Joh 15:24  If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would have no sin; but now they have seen and also hated both Me and My Father.

Joh 15:25  But this happened that the word might be fulfilled which is written in their law, 'THEY HATED ME WITHOUT A CAUSE.'

Joh 15:26  "But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.

Joh 15:27  And you also will bear witness, because you have been with Me from the beginning.


Joh 16:1  "These things I have spoken to you, that you should not be made to stumble.

Joh 16:2  They will put you out of the synagogues; yes, the time is coming that whoever kills you will think that he offers God service.

Joh 16:3  And these things they will do to you because they have not known the Father nor Me.

Joh 16:4  But these things I have told you, that when the time comes, you may remember that I told you of them. "And these things I did not say to you at the beginning, because I was with you.

Joh 16:5  "But now I go away to Him who sent Me, and none of you asks Me, 'Where are You going?'

Joh 16:6  But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart.

Joh 16:7  Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you.

Joh 16:8  And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:

Joh 16:9  of sin, because they do not believe in Me;

Joh 16:10  of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more;

Joh 16:11  of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.

Joh 16:12  "I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now.

Joh 16:13  However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.

Joh 16:14  He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you.

Joh 16:15  All things that the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He will take of Mine and declare it to you.

Joh 16:16  "A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me, because I go to the Father."


Christ prayed.


Joh 17:1  Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: "Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You,

Joh 17:2  as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.

Joh 17:3  And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

Joh 17:4  I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do.

Joh 17:5  And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

Joh 17:6  "I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.

Joh 17:7  Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You.

Joh 17:8  For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.

Joh 17:9  "I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours.

Joh 17:10  And all Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them.

Joh 17:11  Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one as We are.

Joh 17:12  While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

Joh 17:13  But now I come to You, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have My joy fulfilled in themselves.

Joh 17:14  I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.

Joh 17:15  I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one.

Joh 17:16  They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.

Joh 17:17  Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth.

Joh 17:18  As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.

Joh 17:19  And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth.

Joh 17:20  "I do not pray for these alone, but also for those who will believe in Me through their word;

Joh 17:21  that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me.

Joh 17:22  And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one:

Joh 17:23  I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.

Joh 17:24  "Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

Joh 17:25  O righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me.

Joh 17:26  And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them."


When they arrived at the Mount of Olives and Gethsemane Christ went to pray and asked the disciples to do the same.



The reason Christ told them to pray could well have been to strengthen themselves for the next few hours ahead, remember Peter denied Christ, and there was much opposition against Christ from the Pharisees and the Sadducees, which put a lot of pressure on the followers of Christ.  The death of Christ in itself would be a huge test of faith for them also.


Luk 22:40  When He came to the place, He said to them, "Pray that you may not enter into temptation."

Luk 22:41  And He was withdrawn from them about a stone's throw, and He knelt down and prayed,


Christ took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, He needed the comfort and support of the disciples, He needed them to pray for Him.


Mat 26:37  And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and He began to be sorrowful and deeply distressed.

Mat 26:38  Then He said to them, "My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here and watch with Me."

Mat 26:39  He went a little farther and fell on His face, and prayed, saying, "O My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as You will."


While Jesus prayed an angel strengthened Him.


Luk 22:43  Then an angel appeared to Him from heaven, strengthening Him.


He was in such agony His sweat turned to blood.


Luk 22:44  And being in agony, He prayed more earnestly. Then His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground.



The disciples did not give the support, comfort or strength to Christ He needed.


Mar 14:37  Then He came and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, "Simon, are you sleeping? Could you not watch one hour?

Mar 14:38  Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak."

Mar 14:39  Again He went away and prayed, and spoke the same words.



Mar 14:40  And when He returned, He found them asleep again, for their eyes were heavy; and they did not know what to answer Him.



Mar 14:41  Then He came the third time and said to them, "Are you still sleeping and resting? It is enough! The hour has come; behold, the Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of sinners.

Mar 14:42  Rise, let us be going. See, My betrayer is at hand."


Judas Iscariot leads the mob.


Notice how Iscariot went to kiss Him, but he did not.  Also notice that Judas Iscariot led the mob.  There is a further reference to this in Acts 1 v 16, Iscariot was a guide.


Luk 22:47  And while He was still speaking, behold, a multitude; and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him.

Luk 22:48  But Jesus said to him, "Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?"




Not only did Judas Iscariot betray Christ, but so did Christ's brother Judas.


The following verse is referring to Christ's brother Judas.


Notice Judas the brother of Christ arrived with a band of men and officers from the chief priests and pharisees. and they were armed.


The following verse refers to Christ's brother, because Iscariot was a disciple, this verse could not refer to him.


Joh 18:2  And Judas, who betrayed Him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with His disciples.

Joh 18:3  Then Judas, having received a detachment of troops, and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.


Christ was not expecting His brother, Iscariot and his multitude were already there, and Christ thought this second group may have been after the disciples. He did not think they had come to get Him because the first group were there.


Christ's brother told his band that he would kiss Christ and he did that as soon as the band arrived.


Mat 26:48  Now His betrayer had given them a sign, saying, "Whomever I kiss, He is the One; seize Him."

Mat 26:49  Immediately he went up to Jesus and said, "Greetings, Rabbi!" and kissed Him.


Jesus asked His brother why was he there.


Christ knew that Iscariot was going to betray Him.  Christ knew Iscariot would arrive with a mob to arrest Him.  The following verse cannot and does not refer to Iscariot, the word friend means clansman.


Mat 26:50  But Jesus said to him, "Friend, why have you come?" Then they came and laid hands on Jesus and took Him.


Jesus questioned the group to find out why they were there.


Christ knew that Iscariot and his group were already there to take Him, and so He was unaware of His brother's intentions to betray Him and arrest Him with his band.


Jesus received no answer from His brother and so addressed the band of officers.


Joh 18:4  Jesus therefore, knowing all things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them, "Whom are you seeking?"

Joh 18:5  They answered Him, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus said to them, "I am He." And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them.


They would have fallen backward because Christ said He was God {I am} and they did not believe this.


Joh 18:6  Now when He said to them, "I am He," they drew back and fell to the ground.

Joh 18:7  Then He asked them again, "Whom are you seeking?" And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth."


Jesus was worried they had come for the disciples.


Joh 18:8  Jesus answered, "I have told you that I am He. Therefore, if you seek Me, let these go their way,"

Joh 18:9  that the saying might be fulfilled which He spoke, "Of those whom You gave Me I have lost none."


After Jesus spoke these words then comes the remainder of verse 50. 


Mat 26:50.......... Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. 


Now whilst Christ was being led away, Peter draws his sword.


Joh 18:10  Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.


Mat 26:52  But Jesus said to him, "Put your sword in its place, for all who take the sword will perish by the sword.

Mat 26:53  Or do you think that I cannot now pray to My Father, and He will provide Me with more than twelve legions of angels?

Mat 26:54  How then could the Scriptures be fulfilled, that it must happen thus?"


Notice that when Christ healed the ear of the servant Malchus that He was not bound at this point, He had hands laid on Him, but not bound, because He could not touch the ear if He was bound.


Luk 22:51  But Jesus answered and said, "Permit even this." And He touched his ear and healed him.


Christ was bound, by the band with the brother of Christ, and taken to Annas.



Joh 18:12  Then the detachment of troops and the captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him.

Joh 18:13  And they led Him away to Annas first, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas who was high priest that year.


Jesus was asked some questions on His teachings, hit and sent to Caiaphas.


Joh 18:19  The high priest then asked Jesus about His disciples and His doctrine.

Joh 18:20  Jesus answered him, "I spoke openly to the world. I always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where the Jews always meet, and in secret I have said nothing.

Joh 18:21  Why do you ask Me? Ask those who have heard Me what I said to them. Indeed they know what I said."

Joh 18:22  And when He had said these things, one of the officers who stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, "Do You answer the high priest like that?"

Joh 18:23  Jesus answered him, "If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil; but if well, why do you strike Me?"

Joh 18:24  Then Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.


The following is a very important scripture as it gives the correct day for keeping the Passover.  It should be kept on the night of the 14th the start of the 15th, which the Jews were going to do, the night of Christ's death.


Joh 18:28  Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat the Passover.



This was possibly about 7.30 am when He appeared before Pilate.

At this time Judas the brother of Christ, saw what was going to happen to Christ {we do not believe that Judas thought they would kill Christ but that maybe they would put Him in prison} and Judas had remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders.  He then went out and hung himself.


Mat 27:3  Then Judas, His betrayer, seeing that He had been condemned, was remorseful and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,

Mat 27:4  saying, "I have sinned by betraying innocent blood." And they said, "What is that to us? You see to it!"

Mat 27:5  Then he threw down the pieces of silver in the temple and departed, and went and hanged himself.


Then the chief priests took the silver and bought the potter's field.


Mat 27:6  But the chief priests took the silver pieces and said, "It is not lawful to put them into the treasury, because they are the price of blood."

Mat 27:7  And they consulted together and bought with them the potter's field, to bury strangers in.

Mat 27:8  Therefore that field has been called the Field of Blood to this day.


This is the first time that Jesus is confronted by Pilate and notice that He utters but a few words to Pilate.


Mat 27:11  Now Jesus stood before the governor. And the governor asked Him, saying, "Are You the King of the Jews?" Jesus said to him, "It is as you say."

Mat 27:12  And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He answered nothing.

Mat 27:13  Then Pilate said to Him, "Do You not hear how many things they testify against You?"

Mat 27:14  But He answered him not one word, so that the governor marveled greatly.


Then there was a murderer called Barabbas, note carefully that he was a murderer.


Mar 15:6  Now at the feast he was accustomed to releasing one prisoner to them, whomever they requested.

Mar 15:7  And there was one named Barabbas, who was chained with his fellow rebels; they had committed murder in the rebellion.


Pilate then released the murderer Barabbas and sent Jesus to be scourged and crucified.


Mar 15:15  So Pilate, wanting to gratify the crowd, released Barabbas to them; and he delivered Jesus, after he had scourged Him, to be crucified.


During this scourging Christ suffered unspeakable injuries and was horribly mutilated.


Mar 15:16  Then the soldiers led Him away into the hall called Praetorium, and they called together the whole garrison.

Mar 15:17  And they clothed Him with purple; and they twisted a crown of thorns, put it on His head,

Mar 15:18  and began to salute Him, "Hail, King of the Jews!"

Mar 15:19  Then they struck Him on the head with a reed and spat on Him; and bowing the knee, they worshiped Him.

Mar 15:20  And when they had mocked Him, they took the purple off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him out to crucify Him.


Now for the first crucifixion.

The cross of Christ was carried by Simon of Cyrene.


Luk 23:26  Now as they led Him away, they laid hold of a certain man, Simon a Cyrenian, who was coming from the country, and on him they laid the cross that he might bear it after Jesus.

Luk 23:27  And a great multitude of the people followed Him, and women who also mourned and lamented Him.

Luk 23:28  But Jesus, turning to them, said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.

Luk 23:29  For indeed the days are coming in which they will say, 'Blessed are the barren, wombs that never bore, and breasts which never nursed!'

Luk 23:30  Then they will begin 'TO SAY TO THE MOUNTAINS, "FALL ON US!" AND TO THE HILLS, "COVER US!" '

Luk 23:31  For if they do these things in the green wood, what will be done in the dry?"

Luk 23:32  There were also two others, criminals, led with Him to be put to death.


Notice the place where Jesus was crucified the first time was at Calvary.  This place may not have been near a road, as people passing by are not mentioned.


Luk 23:33  And when they had come to the place called Calvary, there they crucified Him, and the criminals, one on the right hand and the other on the left.


These people were present at the first crucifixion: rulers and people watching.


Luk 23:35  And the people stood looking on. But even the rulers with them sneered, saying, "He saved others; let Him save Himself if He is the Christ, the chosen of God."


There were two malefactors crucified with Christ at the first crucifixion and one of these repented.


Luk 23:39  Then one of the criminals who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, "If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us."

Luk 23:40  But the other, answering, rebuked him, saying, "Do you not even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation?

Luk 23:41  And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward of our deeds; but this Man has done nothing wrong."

Luk 23:42  Then he said to Jesus, "Lord, remember me when You come into Your kingdom."

Luk 23:43  And Jesus said to him, "Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise."


They also gave Him wine mixed with myrrh, but He did not drink it.


Mar 15:23  Then they gave Him wine mingled with myrrh to drink, but He did not take it.



At 9 am Wednesday morning the Passover day 14th Nisan, Jesus was nailed to the cross.


Mar 15:25  Now it was the third hour, and they crucified Him.


The four gospels give four different interpretations of what was written above the head of Jesus.
Matthew Mark and Luke give three different words because it was written in three different dialects:
Greek, Latin and Hebrew.
John has different words because they were written by Pilate.


Mat 27:37  And they put up over His head the accusation written against Him: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.


Mar 15:26  And the inscription of His accusation was written above: THE KING OF THE JEWS.


Luk 23:38  And an inscription also was written over Him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.


The words written above Jesus were as follows:





Possibly around 10 am Jesus was taken off the cross and returned to Pilate.
Pilate desperately wanted to release Jesus and was afraid to kill Him.
He had been warned by his wife, and there were many other pressures on him.


Act 3:13  The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of our fathers, glorified His Servant Jesus, whom you delivered up and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he was determined to let Him go.


He tried to get the Jews to take care of the matter, but they would not do it.


Joh 18:31  Then Pilate said to them, "You take Him and judge Him according to your law." Therefore the Jews said to him, "It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,"

Joh 18:32  that the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled which He spoke, signifying by what death He would die.


Pilate was overjoyed to hear Christ was a Galilean, so he then sent Him to Herod.


Luk 23:3  Then Pilate asked Him, saying, "Are You the King of the Jews?" He answered him and said, "It is as you say."

Luk 23:4  So Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, "I find no fault in this Man."

Luk 23:5  But they were the more fierce, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee to this place."

Luk 23:6  When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked if the Man were a Galilean.

Luk 23:7  And as soon as he knew that He belonged to Herod's jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

Luk 23:8  Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad; for he had desired for a long time to see Him, because he had heard many things about Him, and he hoped to see some miracle done by Him.


Herod questioned Jesus at length and then returned Him to Pilate.


Luk 23:9  Then he questioned Him with many words, but He answered him nothing.

Luk 23:10  And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him.

Luk 23:11  Then Herod, with his men of war, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him back to Pilate.


Pilate gathers the people.


Luk 23:13  Then Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests, the rulers, and the people,

Luk 23:14  said to them, "You have brought this Man to me, as one who misleads the people. And indeed, having examined Him in your presence, I have found no fault in this Man concerning those things of which you accuse Him;

Luk 23:15  no, neither did Herod, for I sent you back to him; and indeed nothing deserving of death has been done by Him.

Luk 23:16  I will therefore chastise Him and release Him"


Pilate now talks to Jesus, remember earlier how Christ would not answer his questions, but now He does answer Pilate.


Joh 18:33  Then Pilate entered the Praetorium again, called Jesus, and said to Him, "Are You the King of the Jews?"

Joh 18:34  Jesus answered him, "Are you speaking for yourself about this, or did others tell you this concerning Me?"

Joh 18:35  Pilate answered, "Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered You to me. What have You done?"

Joh 18:36  Jesus answered, "My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here."

Joh 18:37  Pilate therefore said to Him, "Are You a king then?" Jesus answered, "You say rightly that I am a king. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice."

Joh 18:38  Pilate said to Him, "What is truth?" And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, "I find no fault in Him at all.


Notice that this is a different man to the original Barabbas, the first one was a murderer, but this Barabbas was a robber.


Joh 18:39  "But you have a custom that I should release someone to you at the Passover. Do you therefore want me to release to you the King of the Jews?"

Joh 18:40  Then they all cried again, saying, "Not this Man, but Barabbas!" Now Barabbas was a robber.


Again Jesus is flogged.


Joh 19:1  So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him.

Joh 19:2  And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe.

Joh 19:3  Then they said, "Hail, King of the Jews!" And they struck Him with their hands.

Joh 19:4  Pilate then went out again, and said to them, "Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him."

Joh 19:5  Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, "Behold the Man!"

Joh 19:6  Therefore, when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, "Crucify Him, crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no fault in Him."

Joh 19:7  The Jews answered him, "We have a law, and according to our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God."

Joh 19:8  Therefore, when Pilate heard that saying, he was the more afraid,


Pilate was afraid to be responsible for the death of Christ and he tried very hard to free Him.


Joh 19:9  and went again into the Praetorium, and said to Jesus, "Where are You from?" But Jesus gave him no answer.


Pilate explains that he can get Christ released.


Joh 19:10  Then Pilate said to Him, "Are You not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have power to crucify You, and power to release You?"


Christ corrects him.


Joh 19:11  Jesus answered, "You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore the one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin."

Joh 19:12  From then on Pilate sought to release Him, but the Jews cried out, saying, "If you let this Man go, you are not Caesar's friend. Whoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar."


This is the first time that Christ has been to this place called the Pavement or Gabbatha.


Joh 19:13  When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus out and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.


Now notice very carefully the time.  It is the sixth hour 12:00 midday.




Joh 19:14  Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, "Behold your King!"

Joh 19:15  But they cried out, "Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar!"

Joh 19:16  Then he delivered Him to them to be crucified. Then they took Jesus and led Him away.


Now notice another very important scripture.  Jesus carried His own cross, this is for those people who will not carry their own cross, and eventually suffer the second death.  Notice also that He went to Golgotha.
In the first crucifixion He went to Calvary.


Joh 19:17  And He, bearing His cross, went out to a place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,

Joh 19:18  where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center.

Joh 19:19  Now Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.


In this crucifixion notice there are two thieves not malefactors.


Mar 15:27  With Him they also crucified two robbers, one on His right and the other on His left.


Neither one of these thieves repented.  In the first crucifixion one of the malefactors repented.


Mar 15:32  Let the Christ, the King of Israel, descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe." Even those who were crucified with Him reviled Him.


At the second crucifixion, Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross.


Joh 19:19  Now Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.


Also note that Pilate was present at the cross, there was no mention of him being there at the first crucifixion.


Joh 19:21  Therefore the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews,' but, 'He said, "I am the King of the Jews." ' "

Joh 19:22  Pilate answered, "What I have written, I have written."


Note that Golgotha was near or on a road, as people were passing by where Jesus was on the cross.  Note this also that what Pilate wrote was different to what was written at the first crucifixion.  In the first crucifixion there was three different things written in three languages, Hebrew, Greek and Latin.  At the second crucifixion there was only one writing mentioned but written in three different languages, as above, Hebrew, Greek and Latin.


Joh 19:20  Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.


The clothes of Jesus were divided up amongst the soldiers.


Joh 19:23  Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece.

Joh 19:24  They said therefore among themselves, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be," that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says: "THEY DIVIDED MY GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS." Therefore the soldiers did these things.


The following scripture is very interesting.  Jesus would never have left the welfare of His mother till this moment. He more than likely would have left His mother in the care of His brother, Judas, however the fact that Judas His own brother betrayed Him was totally unexpected by Christ.  We have already shown earlier, Judas the brother of Christ, hung himself.  Therefore Jesus arranged for John to care for His mother.  Possibly Joseph was dead at this time.

Joh 19:25  Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.

Joh 19:26  When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, "Woman, behold your son!"

Joh 19:27  Then He said to the disciple, "Behold your mother!" And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.


Jesus died.


Mat 27:45  Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all the land.



Mat 27:46  And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" that is, "MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?"

Mat 27:47  Some of those who stood there, when they heard that, said, "This Man is calling for Elijah!"

Mat 27:48  Immediately one of them ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and offered it to Him to drink.

Mat 27:49  The rest said, "Let Him alone; let us see if Elijah will come to save Him."

Mat 27:50  And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice, and yielded up His spirit.


Then a soldier pierced His side.


Joh 19:34  But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.

Joh 19:35  And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe.

Joh 19:36  For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, "NOT ONE OF HIS BONES SHALL BE BROKEN."

Joh 19:37  And again another Scripture says, "THEY SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY PIERCED."


Now we will look at the fate of the other betrayer of Jesus, Judas Iscariot.

Judas Iscariot bought a piece of land called Aceldama with his 30 pieces of silver.  He fell, landed on his head and burst apart.


Act 1:16  "Men and brethren, this Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke before by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus;

Act 1:17  for he was numbered with us and obtained a part in this ministry."

Act 1:18  (Now this man purchased a field with the wages of iniquity; and falling headlong, he burst open in the middle and all his entrails gushed out.

Act 1:19  And it became known to all those dwelling in Jerusalem; so that field is called in their own language, Akel Dama, that is, Field of Blood.)


The reason for the two crucifixions is because of those people who have received the Holy Spirit of power, which is eternal life inherent and then turn away from the truth.


Heb 6:4  For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted the heavenly gift, and have become partakers of the Holy Spirit,

Heb 6:5  and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come,

Heb 6:6  if they fall away, to renew them again to repentance, since they crucify again for themselves the Son of God, and put Him to an open shame.


This article on the last day of Christ's life is full of new understanding of the suffering of Christ.  It also contains new knowledge of the events of the last day of His life.